With the government of Angola aiming to improve electrification while reducing emissions in the oil, gas and related sub-sectors, a series of policies have been implemented to ensure environmental sustainability across the entire energy industry.
The General Regulation on Environmental Impact Assessment and the Environmental Licensing Procedure
A presidential decree enacted in 2020 mandates that all energy projects implemented in the country must comply with Angola’s environmental sustainability policies. As a result, for a project to be implemented, it must undergo an environmental licensing procedure to measure aspects including emissions, noise and waste.
This in turn helps ensure that sustainability is prioritized.
With the country seeking to optimize its hydrocarbon development, amendments made to the Petroleum law – which stipulates that all petroleum extracted in Angola must be certified according to the country’s environmental sustainability standards – continues to improve the southern African country’s alignment with both continental and international energy emission reduction practices, helping the country attract investment required to boost exploration and production from international players.
National Renewable Energy Strategy
While Angola aims to increase its installed energy capacityby 9.900MW by 2025, leveraging 66% hydropower sources, 19% natural gas, 8% renewables and 7% thermal energy, to ensure the national electrification rate hits 60% by 2025, the National Renewable Energy Strategy of December 2015 stands as a guiding framework to ensure that the diversification of the energy mix incorporates sustainable practices and clean energy technologies.
Sustainable Energy for All 2030
Developed by the United Nations Development Programme and the Rockefeller Foundation to improve access to energy, clean fuels and cooking as well as energy efficiency, the program is expected to help Angola double the share of renewables in the energy mix by 2030. To align the energy sector with this commitment, the Angolan government is prioritizing improved cooperation with utilities, independent power producers and the private sector regarding renewables deployment, and in the process, help reduce consumer dependence on expensive power tariffs and diesel generators.
Regional Policy for Universal Access to Modern Energy
A target set to achieve 54% access to modern energy across member countries of the Economic Community of Central Africa States is one of the drivers for low-carbon energy developments in Angola between 2014 and 2030. By subscribing to the regional roadmap, Angola is aligning developments within its energy sector with regional renewable energy market and carbon emissions reduction targets.
Other policies helping Angola prioritize both improving energy access and ensuring emissions reduction include the National Program for Rural Electrification of Rural Areas, the 2022 Angola Long Term Strategy, the Petroleum Operations Regulation and the Law on Sugar Cane Production for Biofuels.